Gfg2 for GEO tasks

Last updated: 13 December 2012

One of Gfg2's goals is to promote the use of GNSS within the GEO Community at a European level, and the GNSS support of GEO activities. On this page, GEO Communities of Practice (CoPs) and GEO tasks are listed, which are relevant to our community (including both GEO and GNSS experts).


GEO Communities of Practice



SBAs addressed

Description and Points of Contact (PoC)

GEO Air Quality

Health, Agriculture, Ecosystems


The Air Quality Community of Practice connects providers of Earth observations to users who apply them for societal benefit. It seeks to enable the development of a functioning Air Quality System of Systems by 2015.

PoC: Gary Foley, Environmental Protection Agency, USA; Rudolf Husar, Washington University St. Louis, USA


Water, Health, Disasters, Climate, Weather, Energy, Ecosystems and Agriculture

Some 100 governmental and non-governmental organizations are collaborating through the GEO Biodiversity Network, GEO BON, to make their biodiversity data, information, and forecasts more readily accessible to policymakers, managers, experts, and other users.

PoC: Gary Geller, NASA, USA; Rob Jongman, Wageningen University and Research Centre, Netherlands; Anne Larigauderie, DIVERSITAS; Bob Scholes, CSIR, South Africa; Woody Turner, NASA, USA


Health, Climate, Weather, Ecosystems

The Carbon Community of Practice works to (i) improve understanding of the global carbon cycle; (ii) monitor and assess the effectiveness of carbon sequestration and emission-reduction activities on global atmospheric carbon dioxide levels; and (iii) promote interoperability and improve the infrastructure of carbon observing systems.

PoC: Antonio Bombelli, University of Tuscia and CMCC

Coastal Zone

Disaster, Weather, Ecosystem

The Coastal Zone Community of Practice brings together scientists and other experts to support integrated coastal zone management (ICZM) decisions through utilization of Earth observations and information. The focus is on research and practical applications related to ICZM.

PoC: Paul DiGiacomo, NOAA, USA; Hans-Peter Plag, University of Nevada-Reno, USA


Water. Weather, Climate

The Energy Community of Practice works to promote application of Earth observations and information to improve management of energy resources. It engages stakeholders via professional societies, conferences, publications, and other communications, and educated end-users about the utility of global products from satellite observations.

PoC: Ellsworth LeDrew, University of Waterloo, Canada; Thierry Ranchin, MINES ParisTech, France; Marion Schroedter-Homscheidt, German Aerospace Center


Climate, Ecosystem

- Foster communication and coordination among GEO forest-related activities, which are enhancing observations and systems for forest mapping and monitoring of features such as cover, cover change, biomass and carbon, biodiversity, and fire disturbances;
- Encourage registration of forest data and systems in the GEOSS Common Infrastructure;
- Support the design of the Global Forest Observations Initiative.

PoC: Michael Brady, World Bank



- Promote the use of Earth observations and information for geohazards risk assessment, adaptation and vulnerability reduction, and disaster preparedness and reduction;
- Work towards building blocks of a comprehensive geohazards monitoring system in support of all phases of the risk-management cycle and increased resilience and disaster reduction (by 2020)

PoC: Stuart Marsh, British Geological Survey, UK; Hans-Peter Plag, University of Nevada-Reno, USA

Global Agricultural Monitoring

Water, Weather, Climate, Health, Biodiversity

Promote the use of Earth observations and information for the (i) global monitoring of agricultural production to reduce risk and increase productivity at a range of scales; (ii) timely and accurate national (and where possible sub-national) agricultural statistical reporting; (iii) accurate forecasting of shortfalls in crop production and food supply; (iv) effective early warning of famine to aid timely international response; and (v) global mapping, monitoring, and modeling of changes in agricultural land use.

PoC: Wu Bingfang, Chinese Academy of Sciences; Chris Justice, University of Maryland-College Park , USA; Olivier Leo, Joint Research Centre, European Commission; Jai Singh Parihar, Indian Space Research Organization, India

Health and Environment

Agriculture, Water, Weather, Climate

The Health and Environment Community of Practice seeks to address the user perspective on issues involving environment and health, with an emphasis on using Earth observations and information to improve health decision-making at the international, regional, country, and district levels.

PoC: Ramesh Dhiman, National Institute of Malaria Research, India; Rifat Hossain, World Health Organization; Murielle Lafaye, French Space Agency, France

Water Cycle

Agriculture, Disasters, Health, Biodiversity, Ecosystems,  Climate, Energy, Weather

- Develop integrated data products for soil moisture, runoff, groundwater, precipitation, water-cycle data integration, water-quality assessment, and monitoring
- Pilot projects for water discovery
- Capacity-building activities and initiatives related to the monitoring and prediction of extreme events such as droughts and their impacts.

PoC: Wolfgang Grabs, World Meteorological Organization; Toshio Koike, University of Tokyo, Japan; Richard Lawford, Morgan State University, USA

Ocean Water, Climate, Health, Biodiversity

The Ocean Community of Practice brings together researchers, producers and distributors of ocean data and information. It focuses on achieving improved sustainability and interoperability of existing and new systems that provide essential environmental observations and information.

PoC: Albert Fischer, GOOS, UNESCO; Robert Houtman, NSF, USA; Jay Pearlman, IEEE


GEO tasks relevant to our community

Task identifier and name



SB-01: Oceans and Society: Blue Planet
Climate, Ecosystems, Agriculture, Biodiversity

C1 Global Ocean Information Coordination and Access

C2 Operational Systems for Monitoring of Marine and Coastal Ecosystems

C3 A Global Operational Ocean Forecasting Network

C4 Applications of Earth Observations and Information to Sustainable Fishery and Aquaculture Management

SB-02: Global Land Cover

Climate, Ecosystems, Agriculture C1 Global Land-cover and Land-cover Change
SB-03: Global Forest Observation Climate, Agriculture, Ecosystems

C1 Forest Carbon Tracking Activities for Observational and Methodological Guidelines

C2 Definition, Implementation and Operations of the Global Forest Observation Initiative (GFOI) in Support of National Forest Information Systems

SB-04: Global Urban Observation and Information Disasters, Health, Climate, Ecosystems C1 Global Urban Observation and Information
SB-05: Impact Assessment of Human Activities Health, Energy, Water, Ecosystems

C1 Tools and Information for Impact Assessment and Energy Policy Planning

C2 Impact Monitoring System for Geo-Resource Exploration and Exploitation

C3 Operational Carbon Capture and Sequestration (CCS) Monitoring System

DI-01: Informing Risk Management and Disaster Reduction Disasters

C1 Disaster Management Systems

C2 Geohazards Monitoring, Alert, and Risk Assessment

C3 Tsunami Early Warning and Hazard Assessment

C4 Global Wildland Fire Information System

C5 Regional End-to-End Pilots

HE-01: Tools and Information for Health Decision-Making Health

C1 Air-borne Diseases, Air Quality and Aeroallergens

C2 Water-borne Diseases, Water Quality and Risk

C3 Vector-borne Diseases

C4 A Holistic Approach to Health: Transmission Dynamics, Urban Health Forecasting, Linkages and New Technologies

HE-02: Tracking Pollutants  Health

C1 Global Mercury Observation System

C2 Global Monitoring of Persistent Organic Pollutants, Emerging Contaminants and Global Change Indicators

EN-01: Energy and Geo-Resources Management  Energy C1 Tools and Information for the Resource Assessment, Monitoring and Forecasting of Energy Sources (including solar, wind, ocean, hydropower, and biomass) and Geological Resources (including mineral and fossil resources, raw material and groundwater)
CL-01: Climate Information for Adaptation Climate

C1 Extension and Improvement of the Climate Record

C2 Accelerated Implementation of the Global Climate Observing System

C3 Weather, Climate and Earth-System Prediction Systems

C4 Easy Access to, and Use of, Climate Information

CL-02: Global Carbon Observation and Analysis Climate C1 Integrated Global Carbon Observation and Analysis System
WA-01: Integrated Water Information (incl. Floods and Droughts) Water

C1 Integrated Water-cycle Products and Services

C2 Information Systems for Hydro-meteorological Extremes (incl. Floods and Droughts)

C3 Information Service for Cold Regions

C4 Global Water Quality Products and Services

C5 Information System Development and Capacity Building

WE-01: High-Impact Weather Prediction and Information Weather

C1 Global Multi-Model Prediction System for High-Impact Weather

C2 Easy Access to, and Use of, High-impact Weather Information

EC-01: Global Ecosystem Monitoring Ecosystem C1 Global Standardized Ecosystem Classification, Map and Inventory (incl. characterizations of ecosystems in protected areas)
C2 Operational Monitoring of Key Ecosystems and Related Services
C3 Ecosystem Capital Accounting
AG-01: Global Agricultural Monitoring and Early Warning Agriculture C1 A Global Operational Monitoring System of Systems for Agricultural Production, Famine Early-warning, Food Security and Land-use Change
BI-01: Global Biodiversity Observation (GEO BON) Biodiversity C1 Global Biodiversity Observation Network (GEO BON)